Gardening Tips - Plant Propagation. Air Layering And Cuttings
What is Air layering? What is cuttings (leaf/branch cuttings)?
It is to let roots grow from a part of a branch (air layering) or potting a branch (branch cuttings) or a leaf (leaf cuttings).
These skills are used to make the same kind of plants or to make them smaller basically, also called plant propagation and plant cloning.
Something Not Known by a lot of people
When you seed a plant, the plant will usually be the same kind as the parent, but this is not always true because of mutations or other reasons.
There are many kinds of plants that can keep their same DNA into their child plant only by cuttings/air layering .
For example, a Japanese cherry blossom tree called "Somei Yoshino" needs to be grown only by cuttings or air layering to keep their origin. Even the trees grown from seeds from Somei Yoshino become different kind of cherry blossom trees.
So all the Somei Yoshino in Japan is from cuttings/air layering not from seeds.
Whatever Soils you use, they must be Germ Free so the cut plant doesn't get sick from its cut.
Soils you need must be clean and have no nutrition such as
So the plant won't get sick from its cut
There are 3 basic ways to clone/propagate plants.
1. Air layering - applayed on a part of a branch to grow roots and propagate/clone a plant
100% dried moss only. No mix with any other soils for air layering.
2. Leaf cuttings - potted leaf to propagate/clone a plant
A mix of 100% dried moss and akadama or vermiculite is recommended for leaf cuttings. Ratio is 50:50
3. Branch cuttings - branches that's cut and inserted in soil to propagate/clone a plant.
Akadama and Vermiculite are recommended for branch cuttings and use it by itself. No mix. Both have great water drainage and the ability to keep water and air at the same time inside the pot. They don't have any nutrition and are germ free.